There are some leaders in an organization who have been a part of an organization for over decades and there are some organizations who are imported from other organizations. For an organization a correct mix of both kind of leadership are required.
Home grown leadership lays down the value system of the organization. They are well versed with how an organization works and what are the critical elements on which they have to bank. They drive the organization culture and demonstrates the true behavior. Others in the organization see them as the stable pillars and usually tries to emulate them in their actions and behaviors. As they usually have experience with very limited organizations, they are usually biased towards how they see the environment. As per them they would like to take the legacy forward of what they have gained past so many years. These leaders are usually people leaders and have strong affinity towards people who have supported them all the while.
Imported Leadership would be leadership team brought from the other organization. Usually they have seen multiple organizations and hence have an experience of the pros and cons of many systems. They would try to analyze their previous experiences and use the best and bring about the change. This makes them change initiators and also change embracers. They are quick at identifying the system strengths and weaknesses and would take quick actions to make multiple fixes. These leaders get more practical and can at times take harsh decisions for the benefit of the organization even if they affect people. For them organization goals come first. It is obvious for such leadership to have few sympathizers in the organization but are usually supported by the board.
In scenarios, where the organizations do not have imported leadership, then they have high number of consulting support, because time and gain, they need to be updated by what is happening in the outside world, which they might be unfamiliar with.
So what works well in today’s time? Constant shifting of leadership roles and responsibilities, right mix of imported and home-grown leadership and a small number of consultants who just “Consult” and not become “Decision Makers”.
Note: All views in my post are my own and does not reflect views of my organization or any one else working with me.